Crappie, or Pomoxis is Greek for “opercle sharp” and refers to the fact that the fish’s gill covers have spines. The word annularis is Latin for “having rings” and refers to the dark bands (vertical bars) around the body. White crappie are deep-bodied and silvery in color, ranging from silvery-white on the belly to a silvery-green or even dark green on the back. White crappie have several vertical bars on the sides. Crappie’s dorsal fins have a maximum of six spines. Males can develop dark coloration in the throat region during the spring spawning season.
Crappie are nest builders.
Similar to bluegills in that they tend to nest in relatively large
Crappie nest in the spring, generally when water temperatures reach 65°F to 70°F.
Eggs hatch in about 3-5 days.
Schools with large numbers of individuals are often found in the middle of lakes.
Crappie typically grow three to five inches in length the first year
Maturity is usually reached in two to three years.
The native range of white crappie included the area west of the Appalachian Mountains north to southern Ontario and south to the Gulf of Mexico. Today the range extends east to the Atlantic coast, and west to include California and portions of Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Montana, Colorado, Utah, and North Dakota. White crappie are native to the eastern two-thirds of Texas, but the species can now be found statewide except for the upper portions of the Rio Grande and Pecos drainages.