THE STRIPED BASS
The striped bass is the largest member of the sea bass family, often called “temperate” or “true” bass to distinguish it from species such as largemouth, smallmouth, and spotted bass which are actually members of the sunfish family Centrarchidae. Although Morone is of unknown derivation, saxatilis is Latin meaning “dwelling among rocks.” As with other true basses, the dorsal fin is clearly separated into spiny and soft-rayed portions. Striped bass are silvery, shading to olive-green on the back and white on the belly, with seven or eight uninterrupted horizontal stripes on each side of the body. Younger fish may resemble white bass.striped bass have two distinct tooth patches on the back of the tongue, whereas white bass have one tooth patch. Striped bass have two sharp points on each gill cover, and white bass have one.
STRIPED BASS HISTORY
Striped bass can live in both freshwater and saltwater environments.
Can travel 100 miles inland to spawn.
Spawning begins in the spring when water temperatures approach 60°F.
Stripers may reach a size of 10 to 12 inches during the first year.
Adult striper predominantly feed on members of the herring family such as gizzard shad and threadfin shad.
Alewife and glut herring are often found in their stomachs in the northern states.
The striped bass is native to a variety of habitats including shores, bays, and estuaries.
STRIPED BASS DISTRIBUTION
striped bass are a coastal species that moves far upstream during spawning migrations in coastal rivers. The striped bass’ native range is along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains from New Brunswick south to Florida and west into Louisiana. The species has been introduced at scattered locations throughout the central US. There have also been introductions as far west as the Colorado River in Arizona, and at various sites in California. Even though the striped bass isn’t native to Texas, the species has been stocked in a number of reservoirs, Lake Texoma being the biggest.